Difference between revisions of "CARO:Main Page"

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==Mail Lists==
==Mail Lists==
- [http://listserv.buffalo.edu/archives/ontology-of-anatomy-list.html CARO]
- [https://lists.sourceforge.net/lists/listinfo/obo-cell-type OBO Cell]
- [https://lists.sourceforge.net/lists/listinfo/obo-cell-type OBO Cell]

Revision as of 07:04, 2 September 2006


Welcome to CARO!

This wiki (hosted on the main NCBO public wiki) will contain information on the new CARO reference ontology of anatomy, combining FMA and model organism anatomical ontologies. How this will be achieved is yet to be decided...


Mail Lists


- OBO Cell

- OBO Anatomy

The following list may also be of interest

- OBO CrossProduct



Background Material

This is intended as a source of background reading material primarily for the workshop participants. Please help and add more!

Use cases

(posted by Melissa Haendel)

Neural tube development:

The vertebrate nervous system begins its development as a neural plate, which then "rolls up" into the neural tube (this is very simplified -there are a variety of mechanisms to get from a plate to a tube). The neural tube develops from the neural plate in a generally anterior to posterior direction. At any given time during this transition, both exist. A picture of this can be seen here: http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/on-line/lifecycle/11.asp

An annotation example could be that at a given stage, gene x is in neural tube but not neural plate, gene y is in both, and gene z is in neural plate but not neural tube.

[details of the problems of encoding this in an ontology of anatomical continuants to follow shortly (ds)]

Lateral line development:

The lateral line placode gives rise to two entities, the lateral line ganglion and the lateral line primordium. A portion of cells in the placode move away posteriorly as the primordium, and the remaining portion of the placode will become the ganglion. The primordium deposits neuromasts as it travels posteriorly. These neuromasts will eventually be connected together by way of the lateral line nerve, which has its cell bodies in the ganglion and sends signals to the brain. The nerve and the neuromasts and the ganglion are are collectively referred to as the lateral line. This term is often used before the process is complete. Here is a picture:



Smith B, Ceusters W, Klagges B, Kohler J, Kumar A, Lomax J, Mungall CJ, Neuhaus F, Rector A, Rosse C Relations in Biomedical Ontologies Genome Biology, 2005, 6:R46

OBO Relations

See also RO:Main_Page, the main RO wiki

Fiat Boundaries

As we're in the business of carving up reality, this paper of Barry's might be useful:



A Reference Ontology for Bioinformatics: "The Foundational Model of Anatomy" Rosse, Cornelius and Mejino, Jose L V (2003) A Reference Ontology for Bioinformatics: The Foundational Model of Anatomy. Journal of Biomedical Informatics 36:pp. 478-500


Mejino JLV Jr, Rosse C. 2004. Symbolic modeling of structural relationships in the Foundational Model of Anatomy. In Proceedings: First International Workshop on Formal Biomedical Knowledge Representation (KR-MED 2004), Whistler Mountain, B.C., Canada; pp 48-62.


Mejino, Jose L V, Agoncillo, Augusto V, Rickard, K. L. and Rosse, Cornelius (2003) Representing Complexity in Part-Whole Relationships within the Foundational Model of Anatomy. In Proceedings, American Medical Informatics Association Fall Symposium, pages pp. 450-454.


Barry Smith, Jose L.V. Mejino Jr., Stefan Schulz, Anand Kumar and Cornelius Rosse, “Anatomical Information Science”, in A. G. Cohn and D. M. Mark (eds.), Spatial Information Theory. Proceedings of COSIT 2005 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science), Berlin/Heidelberg/New York: Springer, 149–164.


Michael, J. and Mejino, Jose L V and Rosse, Cornelius (2001) The Role of Definitions in Biomedical Concept Representation. In Proceedings, American Medical Informatics Association Fall Symposium, pages pp. 463-467.


Ingvar Johansson, Barry Smith, Katherine Munn, Nikoloz Tsikolia, Kathleen Elsner, Dominikus Ernst, and Dirk Siebert, "Functional Anatomy: A Taxonomic Proposal” Acta Biotheoretica, 53(3), 2005, 153–166. http://ontology.buffalo.edu/medo/Functional_Anatomy.pdf

also on the static versus dynamic see:

Pierre Grenon, Barry Smith and Louis Goldberg, “Biodynamic Ontology: Applying BFO in the Biomedical Domain”, in D. M. Pisanelli (ed.), Ontologies in Medicine: Proceedings of the Workshop on Medical Ontologies, Rome October 2003 (Studies in Health and Technology Informatics, 102 (2004)), Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2004, 20–38. http://ontology.buffalo.edu/medo/biodynamic.pdf

Model Organisms


Formal Ontology